What does a Chef (415C) do?

Chefs work in a variety of food service establishments including restaurants, hotels, spas, and country clubs. They are responsible for everything in the kitchen, from developing the menu and hiring staff to purchasing ingredients, selecting dinnerware, and assisting with restaurant design. Chefs have an advanced knowledge of food preparation and management, as well as knowledge of human resources, administrative procedures, and business management.

Job Related Skills, Interests and Values

  • Gaining knowledge of food safety and sanitation, including recognizing food allergies and eliminating potential hazards
  • Preparing a variety of foods including seafood, galantines, pate en croute, fish, fowl, and meats
  • Using height, colour, contrast, and taste, to design appetizer, entrée, and dessert plates for presentation
  • Following a recipe and/or patissier's instructions to produce chocolate and sugar garnishes to enhance dessert presentation
  • Purchasing recipe ingredients, producing daily/weekly food purchasing orders, and receiving products to ensure freshness and quality
  • Developing and managing menu by producing standardized recipes for each item; performing yield analysis on raw and cooked products
  • Setting standard levels for kitchen inventory, including perishables and dry goods; rotating inventory
  • Cooking with wine, liqueur, and spirits; knowing types of wines to match them with food; handling and storing wine, liqueur, and spirits
  • Hiring, supervising and training other kitchen personnel

What Preparation and Training Do You Need?

  • Apprentices must have Red Seal Certificate as Cook, followed by one year of related work experience
  • While not mandatory, completion of 2,620-hour apprenticeship, including on-the-job and in-school training, is highly recommended
  • High school students may benefit from Hospitality and Tourism High Skills Major program

What's Your Future as a Chef (415C)?

  • May work long hours, perhaps in shifts; evening, weekend, and holiday work is common
  • Often exposed to sharp knives, hot appliances, and dangerous equipment; safety is paramount
  • Employment expected to increase as there is demand for highly trained chefs
  • Employers include restaurants, hotels, catering companies, entertainment clubs, health and social service firms, recreational facilities or resorts, spas, bistros, country clubs, and nursing/retirement homes

Wage Rate

Apprentice wage increases with skill and experience. Fully qualified chefs average up to $15.00 per hour. Successful chefs with experience may negotiate salaries of $70,000-$100,000 annually.


Chef (415C)

Ask Yourself: Yes No
Do you like to create and experiment with new ideas for recipes?
Do you have good reading, writing, mathematical, measuring and problem-solving skills?
Can you work under pressure? Can you make quick decisions?
Are you able to follow Health & Safety guidelines?
Are you able to lift more than 50lbs? Are you able to stand or sit for long periods of time?
Are you detail-oriented? Do you have the ability to work closely with others? How are your customer service skills?
Are you an organized person? Do you enjoy working with your hands and different equipment?

If you checked YES to the majority of these questions, a career as a Chef (415C) may be for you!

You might want to look at these similar trades as well;

  • Cook
  • Assistant Cook
  • Baker
  • Pâtissier – Baker

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